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Deutsche Wiederholungsgrammatik: A Morpho-Syntactic Review Of German Books Pdf File





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Deutsche Wiederholungsgrammatik: A Morpho-Syntactic Review of German books pdf file


Degree. Frankfurt am Main, Wied. Universitat Wien und Otto von Guericke. 31.11.2013 Verb groups in German Mühlhäuser, Peter / Falk, Hans / Vitzthum, Erich / Schmidt, Wolfgang 2008 The syntax of subordinate and complex verbs has been investigated in German, English and Finnish. We studied (a) the typical structure of subordinate and complex verbs, (b) the effects of word order in each of these constructions, (c) the effects of word order in the presence of a co-argument, (d) the distribution of subjunctive and potential forms, and (e) the distribution of modal markers. In both subordinate and complex constructions, there are two evident structural levels. A cross-linguistic examination of this framework suggests that these two constructions share a common mechanism of argument distribution. In German, the typical construction of subordinate verbs is marked by the presence of the. This construction shows up in the common example of [*es sich ergehen, sich aufholen.*]{} The main verb, [*ergehen*]{}, remains in the matrix position, and the construction expresses an action that is not the focus of the overall utterance. The typical structure of a complex verb is a complex sentence with the matrix verb either in an independent or subjunctive clause. The verbs in this complex construction are classified as high or low. To find the pattern of distribution of the various forms, we examined both the dominant and subordinate constructions in the three languages. Both the subordinate and complex constructions in German show the same distribution of potential and subjunctive forms, the potential being rarer in the subordinate and complex constructions. Within the subordinate and complex constructions, the modal markers vary in the various languages. In English and German, the modal marker in the subordinate and complex constructions is the. In Finnish, the modal marker is the. In English, a sentence with a matrix-subject verb is expected to have potential forms for subject and object, whereas a sentence with a subordinate or complex matrix verb does not. This fact can be used in the analysis of subordinate and complex verbs. In English, a potential distribution of lexical subjects is found only in the subordinate and complex constructions. In German, the distribution of lexical subjects in the subordinate and complex construct









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Deutsche Wiederholungsgrammatik: A Morpho-Syntactic Review Of German Books Pdf File

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